Direct Reduced Iron and its Production Processes

Direct reduced iron (DRI) is technically defined as iron ore which has been reduced to metal without melting it Hot briquetted iron (HBI) is a densified form of DRI to facilitate its handling and transport

Accretion Control in Sponge Iron Production Kiln using

Sponge iron production process requires accurate monitoring and control of the process parameters The performance of rotary kiln sponge iron based processes is normally affected by accretion build up along the kiln linings Accretion build up is the

What is Sponge Iron? (with pictures) - wisegeek

Nov 28, 2018 · Sometimes known as direct-reduced iron, sponge iron is a product that is produced using iron ore The iron ore is often in the form of pellets or lumps, and is subjected to a reduction process that is created by the use of a reducing gas that emits from coal or a natural gas source

Sponge Iron Process Vs Cement Process - exportcoopeu

article refractories sponge iron process hepdogm The remaining listed solid scavengers all were developed to address the shortcomings of the iron sponge process in sponge iron plant Plant, Cement Get Price Online

tunnel furnace spong iron - BINQ Mining

Dec 19, 2012 · tunnel kiln process for sponge iron making Gulin machine in iron ore processing plant, tunnel kiln process for sponge iron making Gulin provide the tunnel kiln process for sponge iron making solution case … »More detailed

sponge iron process

Jul 29, 2010 · In general sized iron ore of 5-18mm is used in the process of manufacture of sponge iron on all types of rotary kiln with +16mm not exceeding 15-20%The mean particle size of iron ore shall be restricted to 11mm in order to achieve uniform Fe metallic of all grain size fraction of the product

Direct reduced iron - Wikipedia

Direct reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) to iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal Many ores are suitable for direct reduction

Super Refractories - Sponge Iron Production

For Sponge Iron production by Direct Reduction Process CUMI offers the following solutions COAL BASED SPONGE IRON ROTARY KILN

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article refractories sponge iron process advances in rare-earth magnetic drum separators for heavy mineral sand determine the in situ density of natural or compacted soils using sand pouring cylinder

Chrome-Alumina DVC Lining for Steel Dephosphorization in

There is a strong interaction between iron and phosphorus and their redox characteristics are so similar that they usually get reduced simultaneously This is why the phosphorus content is generally quite high in primary pig iron coming out the blast furnace or in sponge iron

Chrome-Alumina DVC Lining for Steel Dephosphorization in

There is a strong interaction between iron and phosphorus and their redox characteristics are so similar that they usually get reduced simultaneously This is why the phosphorus content is generally quite high in primary pig iron coming out the blast furnace or in sponge iron

Designing Iron Sponge Process For H2S Removal - Student

Designing Iron Sponge Process For H2S Removal - posted in Student: Hi all, I am a final year student in australia and am trying to complete my design project I am tasked with designing the equipment for the Iron Sponge (oxide) process for the removal of hydrogen sulphide from natural gas I have come to understand that this is a fixed bed adsorber column design but i cannot find much

Dissolution of refractories for gasification process of

This process involves three stages, which are as follows: the first one is the reduction of iron ore to produce sponge iron also called Direct Reduced Iron (DRI), which takes place in a direct reduction reactor; the second one is the gasification of petroleum coke with the DRI smelting and takes place in a gasifier furnace, and the third one is

Gas Based Sponge Iron - Galaxy Refractories

It is made either by making use of coal or by making iron ore undergo reaction with reducing gases Using coal for reduction of iron ore has severe environmental issues as it leads to emission of carbon in great proportions This is the reason why the world today prefers gas based sponge iron

What is sponge iron? - Quora

Sponge iron is produced through direct reduction of iron ore in the solid state It is a substitute for scrap and is mainly used in making steel through the secondary route The process of sponge iron making aims to remove the oxygen from iron oreSponge iron is not useful by itself, but can be processed to create wrought iron

Simulation of Rotary Kiln Used in Sponge Iron Process

due to which it is named as sponge iron It is seen that the growth of sponge iron industry in last few years is unremarkable and today India is the largest producer of sponge iron as it covers 16% of global output Sponge iron is used as feedstock and a recognized alternative to steel scraps in iron and steel making processes

SPONGE IRON PLANT

The major Raw Materials required for production of Sponge Iron by the rotary kiln process are: sized graded Iron Ore and Non-Coking coal Limestone, in small quantities, is also required to scavenge the sulphur IRON ORE The quality requirement of Sized ore for sponge iron …

Sponge Iron Process for Manned Space Exploration

Sponge iron process for manned space exploration Final project report June 2005 Prepared by: Dr Simon Fraser Christian-Doppler Laboratory for Fuel Cell Systems Institute for Chemical Technology of Inorganic Materials Graz University of Technology Steyrergasse 21 A-8010 Graz Tel +43(0)316 873 8787 Fax +43(0)316 873 8782 [email protected]

Sponge iron reaction - Wikipedia

The sponge iron reaction (SIR) is a chemical process based on redox cycling of an iron-based contact mass, the first cycle is a conversion step between iron metal (Fe) and wuestite (FeO), the second cycle is a conversion step between wuestite (FeO) and magnetite (Fe 3 O 4)

Experimental analysis on the use of BF-sludge for the

Sponge iron is deposited on an oxide substrate, whose chemical composition is similar to the slag obtained by the direct reduction process This slag is composed by CaO-MnO oxides and by quaternary phases based on Fe, Al, Si and Ca oxides

iron ore processing plants india - christoartfairnl

Iron processing Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting

Study on Accretion Formation on DRI kiln during spong iron

Study on Accretion Formation on DRI kiln during spong iron production Chandrashekhar shrivas, Himanshu shrivas Abstract---Today is an era of competition, and contrary to this the Iron and steel industries are also suffering from the same One of the major challenges for sponge iron plant is the Accretion formation Through this

crusher in sponge iron process - acmsacoza

tunnel kiln process for sponge iron making - shibang-china This page is about tunnel kiln process for sponge iron making, tunnel sponge iron kiln process - pakistan crusher,stone crusher article refractories sponge iron process - BINQ Mining

US5766542A - Refractory bricks for iron ore reduction

The invention is herein described as applied to refractories utilized in direct reduction reactors for the production of sponge iron (DRI), but it will be understood that it can be adapted to other reactors and furnaces wherein a refractory lining has been installed for carrying out iron ore reduction

US5766542A - Refractory bricks for iron ore reduction

The invention is herein described as applied to refractories utilized in direct reduction reactors for the production of sponge iron (DRI), but it will be understood that it can be adapted to other reactors and furnaces wherein a refractory lining has been installed for carrying out iron ore reduction

iron ore processing plants india - christoartfairnl

Iron processing Iron processing, use of a smelting process to turn the ore into a form from which products can be fashioned Included in this article also is a discussion of the mining of iron and of its preparation for smelting

Articles - AIIFA

Sponge iron is input material not only for Electric Steel making but also in big Integrated Steel Plants who charge it in the blast furnaces or at any point where it is necessary to increase the productivity For the production of Steel by Electric Steel making route, Sponge Iron/HBI is a good substitute because it contains least tramp elements

Super Refractories - Sponge Iron Production

For Sponge Iron production by Direct Reduction Process CUMI offers the following solutions

(PDF) Different processes of Sponge Iron production – A Review

The present paper proposes two energy integration options, Option-1 and Option-2, to compare power generation and preheating scheme in sponge iron process

Technical Paper LOW CEMENT CASTABLE WEAR MECHANISMS …

Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) or sponge iron is produced by the direct reduction of iron ore by carbon monoxide gas The main wear mechanism in refractory kilns, through which the DRI is produced

Iron and Steel Industry: HarbisonWalker Ladle Refractory

HarbisonWalker International (HWI) has been keeping the iron and steel industry moving for more than 150 years We are one of the largest suppliers of refractories to the US iron and steel industry As the inventors of COMANCHE ® , we revolutionized ladle refractory practices

Water Environment Research Article - Marcab Co Inc

The iron sponge technology will be installed as an add-on process to function within the treatment plant's existing iron chloride system Iron chloride is normally added to plant influent, which increases the concentration of iron in the digesters

Iron and steel industry in India - Wikipedia

The iron and steel industry is one of the most important industries in India During 2014 through 2016, India was the third largest producer of raw steel [1] and the largest producer of sponge iron in the world

Sponge Iron at Best Price in India - dirdiamart

Sponge iron, also called direct reduced iron, is the product created when iron ore is reduced to metallic iron, usually with some kind of carbon (charcoal, etc), at temperatures below the melting point of iron

1995 The forming of foaming slag in electric arc furnace

The (PeO) content in slag would be originated from raw materials, eg sponge iron and scrap, and the result of oxidation during the process of steelmaking The (FeO) content in slag that is formed during the process of steelmaking which comes from oxidation reaction is high, because of low carbon content in

Iron and Steelmaking - vsbcz

Directly reduced iron is a product of iron (steel) direct reduction from ores in the solid state (at a temperature lower than the melting point) and without coke – DRI ( TN: direct- reduced iron ), HBI ( TN: Hot-Briquetted Iron ), sponge iron

Development of energy conservations scenarios for sponge

The process flow diagram of conventional coal-based sponge iron plant is shown in Fig 1The operating data shown in Fig 1 is taken from a typical Indian sponge iron plant In the conventional process kiln feed, which consists of iron ore, feed coal, and dolomite, is fed to the rotary kiln

US4775598A - Process for producing hollow spherical

An article consisting essentially of hollow spherical particles sintered together and having an open sponge structure, each of said particles consisting of a layer of sintered particulate material selected from the group which consists of metals, metal oxides, ceramics and refractories in a thickness of 15 to 500 microns bonded to the exterior